Environmental and Housing Management
Written protocols should be in place and reviewed annually with your veterinarian and employees to ensure that certain procedures are carried out appropriately.
To promote health, welfare, and the production of quality milk by maintaining clean, dry, and comfortable places for every animal to lie down.
How to Assess:
Review the environmental management protocol to confirm that the following information is included and that appropriate criteria are being met:
Management practices should include:
- Providing clean, dry, soft bedding and lying surfaces
- A schedule for frequent pen grooming
- A schedule for cleaning floors (lactating cows only)
- A schedule for cleaning water and food containers and any feeding equipment
National Dairy FARM Program
A written protocol is not required for this assessment.
- Flooring surfaces must be maintained to provide traction at all times and reduce the risk of slipping
- Visual contact with other animals should be provided for all classes of cattle, excluding the cows closest to calving
- All animals have a resting area that provides cushion, insulation, warmth, dryness and traction at all times when away from the milking facility
A written protocol is not required for this audit.
- Electric fences and crowd gates must be designed, maintained, and used so that contact with them does not case injury
- General facilities (e.g. flooring, headlocks, water troughs) maintained to prevent animal injury
- Stall mattresses must be maintained
- Edges not pulled up as a tripping hazard
- Bedding maintained daily
- Lot surfaces, mounds, and traffic lanes maintained to prevent animal injury
- A minimum of 18 in. per cow of feed bunk space must be provided
- Stocking density must not exceed 120%